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Latin America is preparing for 6G technology

Even though it’s just getting started tobacco Internet 5G The wheels of 6G technology have already started to turn in Latin America.

While industry forecasts suggest that the next mobile technology will not be commercially available worldwide until 2030, research into new radio architecture, new spectrum and devices is needed to subsidize this process, which is already underway in the region.

at the research, development and innovation (R&D) center ericsson At Indaiatuba in the Brazilian state of São Paulo, the group is testing practical applications for ultra-high millimeter wave 6G, including advanced robotics, next-generation digital twins and, in particular, multisensing experiences.

“We’re talking about new frequency bands, some above 100 GHz, and even higher spectrum efficiency for already existing and licensed bands,” said Edvaldo Santos, Ericsson’s Southern Cone R&D Director.

Ericsson’s 6G vision encompasses “Internet of thoughts” use cases; the goal here is to command and control things in the physical world without an “interface” by turning thought into action. Santos.

This includes the digital representation of sensations such as smell and taste via the “internet of the senses” or telecommunications networks. In a practical use case, it would be possible to buy groceries online by “trying” the products before purchasing them, according to an example shared by the administrator.

It also incorporates advanced digital twin concepts with telepresence and holography, as well as more immersive programmable digital representations of the physical world.

For all these use cases to work, new architectures will be required.

These include artificial intelligence (AI) as a natural component for networks to be automated and even autonomous, as well as edge computing “by design”, i.e. an application that already has built-in computing tools. , storage orchestration, among other things, according to Ericsson.

Ericsson’s Brazilian R&D unit, the only one of its kind in Latin America, operates in conjunction with the company’s other global research centres.

Since the center’s inception 50 years ago, more than 200 global patent families have applied for technologies developed there, representing 800 individual products. Currently, about 300 professionals work at the center in Brazil.

“We are not just copyists or importers of technology. “We are actively involved in the construction of various global standards, for example 5G networks, through the development and research work carried out here.”

INATEL AND UFCE

Also in Brazil, the national institute of technology intellectHe is one of the coordinators of the 6G Consórcio Brasil group, a teaching, research and technological development center founded in 1965, and also works in the 6G development process.

Brazilian 6G is part of priority information technology programs and projects coordinated by the national education and research network. RNP and conducted in conjunction with Inatel, CPQD and universities.

The consortium consists mainly of universities and research institutes and has the support of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI).

“We are working on the development of all fronts and aspects of 6G, particularly the detection, processing and use of artificial intelligence and machine learning, and the appropriate use of spectrum to maximize the potential of networks. it can run at much higher speeds,” Inatel director Carlos Motta Martins told BNamericas.

The project started in February 2021 and the aim is to create a testbed for new applications in 6G mobile networks and beyond.

“With very high rates and very low latency, it is possible to create near-instant communications, much more than 5G can do, leading to new applications and new ways of working for different verticals of the economy,” he added.

The consortium’s work software from open source to proprietary (proprietary) platforms.

Currently testing 15 application software packages, 2 for core networks, 7 for virtualization platforms, 19 for artificial intelligence support, 2 for long-range network transceivers, and 1 for protocol stacks used in 5G antennas. is doing.

In the state of Ceará, the federal university UFCE is also working on tests for the future implementation of 6G.

“This is the first five years. [hasta 2025] They are essential for the development of technology. It is a unique window of opportunity for academia. The second half of the decade is the most advanced part of the definition of global standards, based on everything previously reviewed, Professor Rodrigo Cavalcanti, head of UFCE’s Gtel telecommunications group, told BNamericas.

Gtel mainly works on infrastructure tests and partners with companies in the industry such as Ericsson itself.

According to Cavalcanti, 6G architecture should be collaborative rather than proprietary over 5G, prioritizing open standards.

Elsewhere in Latin America, telecom researchers are working on 6G studies in Mexico, Chile, Colombia and Argentina.

In the latter, the Argentine Center of Engineers (CAI) released a report last month containing the group’s initial visions for the state of the spectrum and the path to new technology.

SUPPLIERS

Other global telecom equipment providers are also actively involved in planning the path to 6G. Huawei, nokia Y NEC.

Nokia announced in July that it would lead the KOMSENS-6G project of the German Ministry of Education. KOMSENS-6G is part of a larger German 6G initiative with a total financing of €14.9 million (US$15.5 million).

The project includes more than 30 business partners, including Bosch, Siemens, Airbus and Vodafone and Ericsson.

The initiative aims to drive global pre-standardization from a German and European perspective, with a particular focus on the network as sensory technology. The initiative will last three years.

Nokia also leads Hexa-X, the European Commission’s 6G flagship initiative for research into next-generation wireless networks.

In addition, Nokia announced that it is collaborating. NTT Japan and its telecommunications subsidiary DOCOMO are in a separate project to create 6G standards.

According to the Finnish group, the partnership will focus on developing proof-of-concept for emerging 6G technologies, including a native AI-powered network interface and access to “sub-THz” frequencies.

Nokia believes that a 6G standardization phase that will lead to the first 6G specification in Version 21 (the global document containing wireless standards) from the global mobile standardization body 3GPP by 2028 will likely begin in 2025, followed by commercial implementation around 2030.

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